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Back-to-back seal
A back-to-back seal describes two shaft seals mounted back-to-back to provide a higher level of safety and reliability.
Backflow
The flow of piped medium in the direction opposite to normal flow is called backflow. It is caused by a difference in water pressures.
BACnet
BACnet is a data communication protocol for Building Automation and Control Networks.
Baffle
The term baffle covers a flat board or plate, deflector vanes, guides, grids, gratings or similar devices constructed or placed in flowing water, wastewater or slurry systems.
Balance point
In any thermal heat exchange process, a mixture of two energy flows will result in a new stage or phase called the balance point.
Biocide
Biocide is a chemical added to the make-up water for evaporative applications such as condensers and cooling towers.
Biofilm
Biofilm refers to a population of various micro-organisms trapped in a layer of slime and organic matter that attaches itself to the surfaces of pumps, pipes, walls etc.
BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand)
The quantity of oxygen consumed by aerobic microorganisms during the decomposition of organic matter in a water sample is defined as the Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD).
Brackish water
Brackish water is water that has more salinity than fresh water, but not as much as seawater.
Break Tank
Break tanks are implemented in boosting systems in order to supply the system if the mains supply becomes insufficient.